‘Humour can heal’
Sharon Shorty’s childhood was full of laughter. Her Gramma Carrie told traditional Tlingit stories to anyone who would listen and she had a knack for making anything funny. Shorty recalls that her grandmother’s presence alone seemed to make those around her laugh hysterically.
Her grandmother’s favourite stories involved the raven – the central character in many traditional Tlingit stories. The raven is seen as a reflection of creation in his human-like nature, says Shorty, and is believed to have stolen the sun and stars from their hiding places in order to share them with the world. Gramma Carrie’s favourite stories revolved around the raven playing tricks on himself. Shorty remembers vividly a story about the raven losing his eyes and punishing them by bouncing them up and down off the ground.
Looking back, Shorty understands her gramother’s humour served a purpose. Through her comedic variations of those traditional stories, she taught those who listened the value of their culture and beliefs – and inadvertently birthed Shorty’s career in comedy.
“My goal [through comedy] is to share the world of stories my grandmother taught me,” says Shorty. “Making people laugh is a challenge and it is a gift to get them to laugh.”
Shorty was born and raised in Whiskey Flats, a neighbourhood in downtown Whitehorse, where Rotary Park is located today. When Shorty lived there, Whiskey Flats was home to approximately 350 people – the majority of them squatters. Shorty says she was surrounded by people of all cultures and nationalities. “The only thing we all had in common was that we were dirt poor,” Shorty says with a laugh. Being raised there had a big impact on how she viewed the world, her community and, ultimately, her sense of humour.
Shorty remembers one of her first performances in 1991. One day, Shorty was caught off-guard by her grandmother, who asked her to tell a story. “I don’t know any stories, Gramma,” Shorty recalls saying. “Well, weren’t you listening to me all this time?” her grandmother responded with a grin. Shorty decided to repeat one of the stories her grandmother had told her. Soon after, she accompanied her grandmother to the storytelling festival in downtown Whitehorse to perform with her.
Shorty is a member of the Raven clan and has Teslin Tlingit, Northern Tutchone and Norwegian ancestry. Ancestry has always been, and still remains, extremely important to the comedian, evidenced by her current role as speaker of the Teslin Tlingit Council. Shorty has also worked as a playwright and actor, and was Regina’s first Aboriginal Storyteller-in-Residence for its 2004 centennial storytelling project. Shortly after returning home from Saskatchewan, Shorty became the founding artistic director for the Society of Yukon Artists of Native Ancestry.
Shorty’s career has taken her across the country and overseas. She has won a number of awards, including the Aurora Award for acting (1997), the Aurora Award for storytelling (1998), the Ross Charles Award for broadcasting and telecommunications (1999), the CTV Fellowship (1999), the Yukon Filmmaker’s Fund Award (1999) and the Advanced Artist Award for a self-directed residency at the Banff Centre (2011).
Shorty has appeared at various festivals and workshops in Nova Scotia, Australia, Hawaii, New Zealand and Switzerland. One of her notable performances included an appearance at the Vancouver 2010 Olympics.
The birth of Gramma Susie
Shorty lost her grandmother the same year her friend Sarah lost hers. Devastated by their grandmothers’ deaths, they would spend hours mimicking them, giggling at the memories. The lighthearted way of dealing with the painful loss gave Shorty the idea to embody the people who had made her laugh all along. She made a compilation of all of the influential people in her life – her grandmothers, the elders in her community – and created a character, now widely known as Gramma Susie.
“The first time I got dressed up in Gramma Susie clothes, I thought no wonder my elders get dressed like this. This is so comfortable,” jokes Shorty. “Not worrying about your weight, or anything like that. You are just worrying about warmth and you are worrying about comfort.”
In 2001, Shorty asked longtime friend Duane Ghastant' Aucoin to join her in her comedy act as Cash Creek Charlie, Gramma Susie’s boyfriend. Ghastant' Aucoin’s relationship with Shorty began when they were children and involved Gramma Carrie.
“I used to go to Gramma Carrie’s house with my mom,” says Ghastant' Aucoin. “She quite literally adopted me. One day she just started calling me ‘Ch’iuk,’ the Tlingit word for grandson. After that, she got mad at me if I did not call her gramma.”
In 2012, Shorty and Ghastant' Aucoin were awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal for their significant public service to Yukon and Canada.
"The ability to laugh – it is just part of First Nations culture," says Ghastant' Aucoin.
Ghastant' Aucoin says humour exists to lift people up, and bridge and heal generations. “It is not about competition,” he says. “It is all about inspiring each other, having fun, laughing and enjoying life.”
As Gramma Susie, Shorty wears traditional regalia, mimics her grandmother’s voice and uses common First Nations themes and jokes. Although the comedian uses traditional stories and songs in her performances, she says that her use of contemporary events, both local and on a larger scale, keeps her content fresh and relatable.
An example of this is a common theme seen in most of Shorty’s shows in the Yukon: Kentucky Fried Chicken. Shorty says that when she was a young girl, her idol, Colonel Sanders, was in town and her brother got to meet him. When she heard this, she raced downtown but was too late and missed her chance to catch a glimpse of the fast-food icon. To this day, Colonel Sanders remains a vital part of Shorty’s skits, taking the role of Gramma Susie’s “long lost love.” When Cash Creek Charlie and Gramma Susie first started their comedy act together, Charlie was immensely jealous of Colonel Sanders. But, with time, he has come to terms and accepted it.
Davida Wood, manager of First Nations Initiatives at Yukon College, is from the same Teslin Tlingit community as Shorty and has known her since birth.
“Her humour is so relevant to people here because they are able to associate that character to their own family members. It brings it down to that local context,” says Wood. “She does an amazing job when she works for the First Nation and as the speaker. She ties comedy into that work as well. I think it is just a part of who she is and what her character is.”
Shorty says she more closely identifies herself as a “bearer of culture” and a storyteller than as a comedian. As a storyteller, her comedy is about sharing the world of stories her grandmother shared with her to a generation that may not get to experience the same thing.
An example of Gramma Susie’s teachings can be seen when she explains her and Charlie’s love affair to the audience. She often jokes about their love life while explaining the marriage rules in the Tlingit clan system – with her being Kùkhhittàn (raven) and Charlie being Yanyèdí (wolf).
“When people are having a good time, and are laughing, it is an access point for me as a storyteller to share stories about our values and our traditions through our culture. When people are having a good time, they are more receptive to that,” Shorty says.
With her comedy, Shorty tries to show off her people’s funny and light-hearted side, instead of dwelling on the social ills that are often painted about First Nations communities.
'Humour: it takes away the sting'
Drew Hayden Taylor knows Shorty’s work well. Shorty starred as Gramma Susie in Red Skins, Tricksters and Puppy Stew, a feature documentary Hayden Taylor produced in 2000 about overcoming “Indian stereotypes” with the use of humour.
“Humour is the WD40 of healing," he says.
Hayden Taylor, 56, has written and directed more than 90 productions. He says humour is a celebration of the First Nations’ perspective as it provides the world with a more positive, empowering and resilient narrative. Many First Nations writers have already explored societal dysfunctions and the deep-seeded traumas that have emerged from them, but, “there is another way to incorporate the problems that the world throws at us,” says Hayden Taylor, who is Ojibwe and Anishnaabe and grew up in the Curve Lake First Nation in Ontario. “Humour: it takes away the sting. It takes away the pain. It gives us a chance to laugh.”
First Nations humour is by no means homogenous, but there is a sense of universality in its vitality, says Hayden Taylor. As a director and writer, he has learned that teaching with humour is just as effective as teaching with dark drama. It has become one of many survival tactics after more than 500 years of colonization. It is one Shorty uses daily.
“Humour is something that will help us survive the times we have gone through, these terrible things we’ve gone through as First Nations people,” says Shorty. “What has helped us is the humour to get through it. Humour can heal. I know it heals me.”
Ghastant’ Aucoin says he too believes there is much more humour in First Nations culture than most people may think. Laughter not only helps release stress and increase emotional stability, it's contagious. "We laugh, we enjoy life, we heal," he says.
Non-Indigenous people often make up a big chunk of the audience. Davida Wood says sometimes people get offended.
Hayden Taylor says non-Indigenous people may find the comedy challenging at first because they do not know the characters. Once they get to know them, however, that is when they will be able to embrace the production, its purpose and its objectives.
First Nations peoples, on the other hand, relate to the characters right from the get-go. In fact, Hayden Taylor says, comedy acts or plays will last six to eight minutes longer with an Indigenous audience due to roaring crowds. “Native people have a secret understanding of the subtle nuances,” he says with a chuckle.
Having worked with Shorty, Hayden Taylor, a fan himself, observed the love First Nations people have for Gramma Susie.
Ghastant' Aucoin sees a lot of Gramma Carrie in Gramma Susie. “Gramma Carrie was a unique and special person. Sharon channels a lot of that,” he says.
Just like in any relationship, Gramma Susie and Cash Creek Charlie go through their ups and downs. For now, they are having fun growing old together.
“People ask me when I will stop being Gramma Susie. Well, I am guessing until one day I just put the clothes on and leave them on,” says Shorty.